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Why we Celebrate Raksha Bandhan in India

History – Why we Celebrate Raksha Bandhan?

Raksha Bandhan is an ancient festival of the Indian subcontinent, and its history dates back thousands of years.

Alexander the Great and King Puru

According to one legendary narrative, when Alexander the Great invaded India in 326 BCE, Roxana (or Roshanak, his wife) sent a sacred thread to Porus, asking him not to harm her husband in battle. In accordance with tradition, Porus, the king of Kaikeya kingdom, gave full respect to the rakhi. In the Battle of the Hydaspes, when Porus saw the rakhi on his own wrist and restrained himself from attacking Alexander personally.

Rani Karnavati and Emperor Humayun

Another controversial historical account is that of Rani Karnavati of Chittor and Mughal Emperor Humayun, which dates to 1535 CE. When Rani Karnavati, the widowed queen of the king of Chittor, realized that she could not defend against the invasion by the Sultan of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah, she sent a rakhi to Emperor Humayun. The Emperor, according to one version of the story, set off with his troops to defend Chittoor. He arrived too late, and Bahadur Shah had already captured the Rani’s fortress. Alternative accounts from the period, including those by historians in Humayun’s Mughal court, do not mention the rakhi episode and some historians have expressed skepticism whether it ever happened. Humayun’s own memoirs never mention this and give different reasons for his war with Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1535.

This is the story included by Letitia Elizabeth Landon in her long poem The Zenana within Fisher’s Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1834.

Muslim commentators in modern era publications mention this story as evidence of Muslim-Hindu communal ties in the past.

Rabindranath Tagore and the Bengal partition of 1905

Rabindranath Tagore, the Indian Nobel Laureate for literature, invoked Raksha Bandhan and Rakhi as concepts to inspire love, respect and a vow of mutual protection between Hindus and Muslims during India’s colonial era.[68] In 1905, the British empire divided Bengal, a province of British India on the basis of religion. Rabindra Nath Tagore arranged a ceremony to celebrate Raksha Bandhan to strengthen the bond of love and togetherness between Hindus and Muslims of Bengal and urge them to together protest the British empire. He used the idea of Raksha Bandhan to spread the feeling of brotherhood. In 1911, British colonial empire reversed the partition and unified Bengal, a unification that was opposed by Muslims of Bengal.

rakhi history

Ultimately, Tagore’s Raksha Bandhan-based appeals were unsuccessful. Bengal not only was split during the colonial era, one part became modern Bangladesh and predominantly Muslim country, the other a largely Hindu Indian state of West Bengal. Rabindranath Tagore started Rakhi Mahotsavas as a symbol of Bengal unity, and as a larger community festival of harmony. In parts of West Bengal, his tradition continues as people tie rakhis to their neighbors and close friends.

Sikh history about Raksha Bandhan –

In the 18th century, states Arvind-Pal Singh Mandair, Sikh Khalsa armies introduced the term Rakhi (Raksha Bandhan) as a promise of protection to farmers from Muslim armies such as those of the Mughals and Afghans, in exchange for sharing a small cut of their produce.

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Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder and ruler of the Sikh Empire, and he observed Raksha Bandhan festival. His wife Maharani Jindan sent a Rakhi to the ruler of Nepal, who accepted her as sister and gave her refuge in the Hindu kingdom of Nepal in 1849 after the collapse of the Sikh Empire and annexation of its territories by the British.

Sikhs have observed Raksha Bandhan festival and has sometimes been referred to as Rakhardi (literally, wristband) or Rakhari in historic Sikh texts. Like the Hindu tradition, the festival has involved the tying of the rakhi and giving of gifts. An annual fair is held on Raksha Bandhan at Baba Bakala in Amritsar district.

Multi-culturalism and activism –

Some Muslims in India view it as a secular, multicultural festival. Raksha Bandhan has also been adopted by the Christian community in India who view it as a festival of historical and social importance.

In 2015, men tied rakhis on women seeking protection from the ‘misuse’ of section 498A of the Indian Penal Code. “Society has gone through massive changes in the last few decades and men are now considered on the same platform with women. Why should laws show a discrimination against them?” asked Amartya Talukdar, founder member of Hridaya, an NGO working for gender neutrality.

Why We Celebrate Raksha Bandhan –

Raksha Bandhan is AN annual ceremony performed within the Indian landmass, or by folks originating from the Indian landmass, and centered around the attachment of a thread, talisman, or charm on the carpus as a sort of ritual protection. The protection is obtainable primarily by sisters to brothers, however conjointly by clergymen to patrons, and typically by people to real or potential benefactors. Differing versions of the ceremony are historically performed by Hindus in northern India, western India, Nepal, and former colonies of nation Empire to that Hindus had emigrated from India within the 19th-century, and have enclosed, additionally, rites with names rendered as Salerno, Silono, and Rakri. The rituals related to these rites, however, have unfolded on the far side their ancient regions and are reworked through technology and migration, the movies, social interaction, and promotion by politicized Hinduism, yet as by the state.

sister brother rakhi

Raksha Bandhan is discovered on the Judgement Day of the Hindu calendar month of Shraavana, which generally falls in August. On these days, sisters of all ages tie a charm, or amulet, referred to as the rakhi, round the wrists of their brothers, ceremonially protective their brothers, receiving a present from them reciprocally, and historically investment the brothers with a share of the responsibility of their potential care. The expression “Raksha Bandhan,” Sanskrit, literally, “the bond of protection, obligation, or care,” is currently primarily applied to the present ritual. it’s conjointly applied to an analogous ritual during which a domestic priest ties amulets, charms, or threads on the wrists of his patrons and receives gifts of cash. A ritual related to Salerno includes the sisters putting shoots of barley behind the ears of their brothers.

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Of special significance to married ladies, Raksha Bandhan is nonmoving within the observe of territorial wedlock, during which a bride marries out of her natal village or city, and her folks, by custom, don’t visit her in her married home. In rural north India, wherever territorial wedlock is powerfully current, massive numbers of married Hindu ladies travel back to their parents’ homes each year for the ceremony. Their brothers, WHO usually endure the fogeys or close, typically travel their sisters’ married home to escort them back. several younger married ladies arrive a couple of weeks earlier at their natal homes and keep till the ceremony. The brothers function long intermediaries between their sisters’ married- and parental homes, yet as potential stewards of their security. In urban India, wherever families square measure more and more nuclear, and marriages not perpetually ancient, the pageant has become additional symbolic, however, continues to be extremely common.

Among ladies and men WHO don’t seem to be blood relatives, there’s conjointly a reworked tradition of voluntary kin relations, achieved through the attachment of rakhi amulets, that have cut across caste and sophistication lines, and Hindu and Muslim divisions. In some communities or contexts, alternative figures, like a matriarch, or an individual in authority, will be enclosed within the ceremony in ritual acknowledgment of their benefaction. Raksha Bandhan is additionally celebrated by Hindu communities in alternative elements of the globe. though nonmoving in Hindu culture, the pageant has no ancient prayers unambiguously related to it. The spiritual myths claimed for it square measure controversial, and therefore the historical stories related to it thought of apocryphal by some historians. additional recently, when enactment of additional gender-neutral inheritance laws in India, it’s been steered that in some communities the pageant has seen a revivification of celebration, that is serving to indirectly pressure ladies to abstain from totally claiming their inheritance.

Myths and legends about Raksha Bandhan –

Indra Dev –

According to Bhavishya Sanskrit literature, within the war between Gods and demons, Indra} – the deity of the sky, rains and thunderbolts – was discredited by the powerful demon King island. Indra’s adult female Sachi consulted Vishnu, United Nations agency gave her a bracelet manufactured from cotton thread, occupation it holy. This story galvanized the protecting power of holy thread. The story conjointly suggests that the Raksha Bandhan thread in ancient Asian nation were amulets, employed by ladies as prayers and to protect men reaching to war, which these threads weren’t restricted to sister-brother like relationships.

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King Island and god Hindu deity –

According to Bhagavata Sanskrit literature and Vishnu Sanskrit literature, when Vishnu won the 3 worlds from the demon King island, island asked Vishnu to remain with him in his palace, a call for participation Vishnu granted. Vishnu’s adult female, god Hindu deity didn’t just like the palace or his new found a friendly relationship with the island, and most popular that her husband and she or he comes to Vaikuntha. island consented, further accepted her as his sister.

Santoshi Maa –

Ganesha had 2 sons, Shubha and Labha. the 2 boys become pissed off that they need no sister to celebrate Raksha Bandhan with. They raise their father Ganesha for a sister, however to no avail. Finally, saint Narada seems United Nations agency persuades Ganesha that a girl can enrich him further as his sons.

Yama and therefore the Yamuna –

According to another legend, Yama, the god of Death, had not visited his sister Yamuna for twelve years. The Yamuna was unhappy and consulted Ganga. Ganga reminded Hindu deity of his sister, upon that Hindu deity visits her. The Yamuna was joyful to ascertain her brother, and ready a bounty of food for Hindu deity. The god Hindu deity was delighted and asked the Yamuna what she needed for a present. She wanted that he, her brother ought to come and see her once more before long. Hindu deity was affected by his sister’s love, united and to be able to see her once more, and created watercourse Yamuna immortal. This legend is that the basis for a Raksha Bandhan-like pageant referred to as Bhai Duj in some elements of Asian nation, that conjointly celebrates brother-sister love, however close to Diwali.

What People Doing In Raksha Bandhan –

raksha bandhn in india

Raksha Bandhan is the biggest event of India and today sister build Rakhi on Brother’s Hand and tack promise of her life responsibility. In Raksha Bandhan, Every brother and sister going to Roam with family. Who have not any brother they all girls are also making a brother of her school or college and build rakhi to them. Raksha Bandhan is a very special event for all Sister.

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